Dear Partner in Agriculture,

This is to bring to your attention the fact that Gauteng Veterinary Services will be conducting a Brucellosis Prevalence Survey in Gauteng Province between July and September 2019. We will be visiting 300 randomly selected farms and bleeding the cattle for Brucellosis. We will be using a blood test to determine possible infection on a provincial basis. This data will be used by the Directorate Veterinary Services to assess ongoing efforts at control and to improve strategies in the fight against the disease in the Province.

You are requested to inform members of your organisation’s members about the upcoming survey so as to assist Veterinary Services on the ground in the conducting the survey. Our officials will be identifiable by way of an ID card with their photo and will have a letter of introduction from our Director, Dr D Nemudzivhadi. Stock owners can be assured that the info received will be dealt with confidentially and personal information will not be made public.

You are welcome to contact this office for more information should it be required.

Yours sincerely

Peter Geertsma

All farmers are requested to urgently vaccinate their animals against anthrax. This includes cattle, sheep and goats. Anthrax also occurs within game and under no circumstances must venison of infected game, be consumed.

Farmers must also be very cautious when buying in new animals and ensure that the animals are disease-free. The movement of animals (live stock and game) must as far as possible be avoided and if any mortalities occur, the carcass must be handled with the utmost care and it must under no circumstances be cut open.

This follows after an outbreak of anthrax has been confirmed near Maseru in Lesotho. In this case, humans also got infected with the disease after the carcasses have been cut open and eaten.

A ten kilometer radius has been quarantined. Farmers from Ha-Tseka were warned not to take their products to a Maseru trade fair. Even animal movement between the Free State and Lesotho will be restricted and no trade will be allowed.

The areas affected includes Ladybrand in the Maseru-zone, Zastron, Wepener, Maputsoe, Botha Bothet and Thabo Mofutsanyane.

= 2 =

Anthrax is a highly contagious and infectious soil-borne disease caused by Bacillus anthracis, a relatively large spore-forming bacteria that can infect mammals.

Animals are infected with anthrax when they eat contagious plant materials, water or even the bones of dead animals. Animals who contract the disease show the following symptoms :-
they don’t eat; there is a decline in milk production; milk may be bloody; breathing is contracted and they often lay down.

Mortalities may occur within 72 hours after infection occurred. In some cases, blood is released from the anus and nasal cavity.

Every milliliter blood contains millions of the anthrax bacteria and this blood infects the environment. The bacteria can survive for as long as 250 years in the environment in the form of a spore. Spores are formed when the infected bodily fluids come in contact with oxygen. For this reason, an anthrax carcass may under no circumstances be opened.

Humans who contract anthrax, develop a skin form of the disease if the wounds are infected; a lung version when they inhale the spores and a gut form of the disease when infected meat is consumed. The lung version is the most lethal.

According to legislation (Act 35 of 1984), it is compulsory to vaccinate all animals annually against Anthrax.
Control of anthrax in animals
• Animals must annually be vaccinated against the disease.
• Carcasses of animals that may have died from anthrax must not be cut open.
• Such carcasses must be buried at least two meters deep and the ground must be comprehensively treated with calcium chloride.
• Carcasses can also be burned.
= 3 =

• Suspicious cases must be reported to the nearest state veterinarian.
• The state veterinarian may prescribe methods to disinfect the area, vehicles and other products.

Control of anthrax in humans
• The meat of infected carcasses must not be eaten.
• All contact with the carcass of an animal who has died from anthrax, must be avoided.
• Protected clothing must be worn when the carcasses are buried or burned.
Symptoms
• Animals may die within two hours without displaying any clinical symptoms.
• Fever
• Difficulty in breathing.
• Muscle spasms and red mucosa.
• Bloody discharge from the nose, mouth and anus.
• In advanced cases, the head and neck may be swollen.
Diagnosis

Anthrax is diagnosed with a blood monster.
– ooo O ooo –
Date : 29 May 2019

Enquiries :
Mr Koos van der Ryst Mr Gerhard Schutte
Chairman Chief Executive Officer
Cell : 083 303 7926 Cell : 082 556 7296

Alle veeboere word versoek om hul beeste, skape en bokke dringend teen miltsiekte in te ent. Miltsiekte kom ook voor by wild en derhalwe mag wildsvleis wat besmet is met miltsiekte, onder geen omstandighede geëet word nie.

Boere moet ook uiters versigtig wees wanneer nuwe diere ingekoop word en seker maak dat die diere siektevry is. Die beweging van diere (vee en wild) moet sover as moontlik vermy word en indien enige gevalle van vrektes voorkom, moet die karkas met die grootste omsigtigheid hanteer word en nie oopgesny word nie.

Dit volg ná ‘n uitbreking van miltsiekte naby Maseru in Lesotho bevestig is. In dié geval is mense ook met die virus besmet nadat die karkasse oopgesny en die vleis geëet is.

Die besmette gebied is binne ‘n radius van tien kilometer onder kwarantyn geplaas. Boere van die Ha-Tseka-distrik is gewaarsku om hul diere nie na ‘n skou in Maseru te neem nie en die beweging van diere tussen die Vrystaat en Lesotho sal beperk word en geen handel van diere sal toegelaat word nie.

Die gebiede wat betrokke is sluit in Ladybrand in die Maseru-sone, Zastron, Wepener, Maputsoe, Botha Bothet en Thabo Mofutsanyane.

Miltsiekte word deur ‘n bakterie Bacillus anthracis veroorsaak. Diere kry miltsiekte wanneer hulle besmette plantmateriaal, water of selfs bene van dooie diere inneem.

Diere wat miltsiekte kry, wys die volgende tekens :
hulle vreet nie; het ‘n daling in melkproduksie; melk mag bloederig wees; die diere haal moeilik asem en lê gereeld.

Vrektes kan binne 72 uur ná besmetting plaasvind. In sommige gevalle loop daar bloed uit die anus en neusholtes uit.

Elke milliliter bloed van ‘n dier wat vrek aan miltsiekte, bevat miljoene van die bakterieë. Hierdie bloed besmet die omgewing. Die bakterieë kan dan vir tot 250 jaar in die omgewing oorleef as ‘n spoor (weerstandbiedende vorm van die bakterie). Spore word gevorm wanneer besmette liggaamsvloeistof in aanraking kom met suurstof (bv. waar ‘n dier gebloei het, of indien ‘n miltsiektekarkas oopgesny word) Om hierdie rede moet ‘n miltsiektekarkas nooit oopgemaak word nie.

Mense wat miltsiekte opdoen, kry ‘n velvorm van die siekte indien wonde besmet word, ‘n longvorm indien hulle spore inasem en ‘n dermvorm van die siekte indien besmette vleis geëet word. Die longvorm is die dodelikste.

Volgens wetgewing (Wet 35 van 1984) móét alle diere elke jaar teen miltsiekte ingeënt word.

Beheer van miltsiekte by diere
• Vee moet jaarliks teen die siekte ingeënt word. ·
• Karkasse van diere wat vermoedelik aan miltsiekte dood is, moenie oopgesny word nie.
• Sulke karkasse moet ten minste twee meter diep begrawe word en die grond moet deeglik met kalk chloried behandel word.
• Karkasse kan ook verbrand word sonder dat hulle oopgesny word.
• Verdagte gevalle moet dadelik by die naaste dieregesondheidstegnikus of staatsveearts aangemeld word.
• Die staatsveearts kan metodes voorskryf om die terrein, voertuie en ander produkte te ontsmet.

Beheer van miltsiekte by mense
• Die vleis van besmette karkasse mag nie geëet word nie.
• Alle kontak met die karkas van ‘n dier wat aan miltsiekte gevrek het, moet vermy word.
• Beskermende klere moet gedra word wanneer die karkas begrawe of verbrand word.

Simptome
• Diere kan binne twee ure vrek sonder om enige kliniese simptome te toon.
• Koors.
• Moeilike asemhaling.
• Spierspasmas en rooiheid van slymvliese kan voorkom.
• Bloederige uitskeiding uit die neus, mond en anus.
• By gevorderde gevalle kan swelling van die kop en nek voorkom, wat tot asemhalings- en slukprobleme kan lei.

Diagnose
Miltsiekte word deur middel van ‘n bloedsmeer gediagnoseer.

– ooo O ooo –
Datum : 29 Mei 2019

Navrae :
Mnr Koos van der Ryst Mnr Gerhard Schutte
Voorsitter Hoof-uitvoerende Beampte
Selfoon : 083 303 7926 Selfoon : 082 556 7296

Foot and Mouth Disease: Vhembe Outbreak and Surveillance Update

On 7 January 2019, an outbreak of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) was confirmed in cattle in the Vhembe district of Limpopo Province.  The outbreak occurred in the high surveillance area of the FMD Free Zone, immediately adjacent to the protection zone.  The outbreak was reported to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and, as a result, South Africa lost its FMD free zone without vaccination status.

Read more …

National Cattle Farmer of the Year
Eustace & Son
Underberg District
Wednesday, 10 April 2019

Download programme HERE…

The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF) and the DirectorGeneral of Animal Health, Dr Maja, released an updated report on the FMD situation on 15 February 2019.
In the report it is indicated that 22 000 animals have been vaccinated since 14 January 2019. More or less 12 000 of these animals have been vaccinated in the disease management area and all vaccinated animals have been marked to identify them.
A complete standstill of all cloven-hoofed animals in the FMD controlled area is still in force. There is currently no sign that the disease has spread beyond the declared disease management area and the movement of cloven-hoofed animals (including game) and unprocessed animal products are allowed within South Africa on merit.  Read more …

Die Departement van Landbou, Bosbou en Visserye en die Direkteur van Dieregesondheid, dr Maja, het op 15 Februarie 2019 ‘n opgedateerde verslag oor die bek-en-klouseer situasie uitgereik.
Daarin word aangedui dat 22 000 diere sedert 14 Januarie 2019 ingeënt is.
Ongeveer 12 000 van dié diere is in die siektebeheerde gebied ingeënt en alle ingeënte diere is gemerk. Die verbod op die beweging van gespletehoefdiere in die siektebeheerde gebied is steeds van krag. Daar is tans geen aanduiding dat bek-enklouseer buite dié gebied versprei het nie en daarom word die beweging van gespletehoefdiere (insluitend wild) en onverwerkte diereprodukte op meriete binne Suid-Afrika toegelaat.
Woluitvoere na China China het alle invoere van onverwerkte wol van Suid-Afrika weens die bek-enklouseer uitbreking opgeskort. China het nog nie ‘n amptelike aanduiding gegee oor die aanvaarding van woluitvoere nie.  Lees meer hieroor …..

Daar is ‘n probleem met die uitvoer van rou gesoute velle na China – 90 % van Merino velle word na China uitgevoer. China aanvaar geen rou gesoute velle nie.

  • Die probleem – China vereis ‘n Veterinary Health Certificate (VHC) wat bevestig dat die velle se oorsprong van ‘n FMD vry-sone is, dienooreenkomstig wil/kan die staatsveearts nie die
    sertifikaat teken nie.
  • DAFF het ‘n versoek aan China gerig om ‘n sertifikaat te aanvaar wat bevestig dat SA die OIE se aanbevelings volg, naamlik dat die velle vir 28 dae gesout is. China het nog nie hierop
    gereageer nie. Hierdie geld ook vir rou gesoute huide na China.
  • China vereis ook ‘n VHC (FMD vrye-sone) vir die uitvoer van wet blues en splits – DAFF het in die verband ook ‘n versoek aan China gerig.
  • Die bo genoemde probleem bestaan ook ten opsigte van die uitvoere van wet blues en splits na Thailand en Uruguay.
  • Daar is geen beperkings op uitvoere na EU lande of Turkye nie.
  • Dorpervelle word nie beïnvloed deur enige beperkings nie, aangesien dit grootliks na EU lande (gepekel) uitgevoer word.

Joint Update Statement of the Department and between the Red Meat Industry on the Foot and Mouth Disease Outbreak in Vhembe District delivered Honourable Minister Senzeni Zokwana (MP)
04 February 2019

On the 14th of January 2019, as the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, I convened a meeting with the Red Meat Association to engage on better responses on the outbreak of the Food and Mouth Disease (FMD) in Limpopo, Vhembe District.
In this meeting we agreed on a collaborative approach between government and Industry in eliminating the spillage. I must commend the contributions so far from the industry in particular at technical committees’ level. The update we are giving today is a cumulative work of the collective past two weeks.
As a result of the FMD outbreak, South Africa lost its OIE recognised FMD free zone without vaccination status. This has had a devastating effect on trade of cloven hoofed animals and their products from South Africa. While some countries instituted official bans, trade was further disrupted as a result of the inability to certify for any exports where FMD free zone attestation is required.

Read more …..